Energetics Science and Technology in Central Europe

Davider K. Anand, James M. Short, Robert A. Kavetsky, Ronald W. Armstrong

‘Energetics Science and Technology in Central Europe’ is one book in a series of Center for Energetic Concepts Development books on Energetics Science and Technology in different parts of the world. This book is the 2nd in a planned series of six volumes. Each volume covers a different region of the world. Since European scientists were the first to improve on gunpowder and create an array of imaginative uses, for both civilian and military purposes, we selected Central Europe to be 2nd in the series. The editors designed the book to be a collection of chapters by energetic scientists living in and near Central Europe.

We started by inviting scientists historically associated with NTREM – New Trends in Research of Energetic Materials. We invited chapters from the NTREM Chairman, Svatopluk Zemanof the Czech Republic; Scientific Committee Chairman, Adam Cumming of the United Kingdom; Scientific Committee members from Poland, Andrzej Maranda; Germany, Thomas Klapötke; Russia, David Lempert and Tatyana Pivina; and Turkey, Lemi Türker. We also invited Wanda Karas, Managing Editor of the Central European Journal of Energetic Materials, Poland; Manfred Bohn, Germany; Aleksandr Smirnov and Vladimir Klimenko, Russia. Joining Klimenko writing one of his two chapters are Ronald Armstrong and Davinder Anand of the United States.

Contents

CHAPTER 1 TEACHING OF THE CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF EXPLOSIVES IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
Svatopluk Zeman

  • 1.1 History and Background
  • 1.2 International Seminars NTREM
  • 1.3 References
  • 1.4 Appendix – Lecture Program ofthe 14th Seminar NTREM(April 2011)

CHAPTER 2 CENTRAL EUROPEAN RESEARCH ACTIVITIES AND COLLABORATION
Adam S. Cumming

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Active Collaboration Areas and Mechanisms
  • 2.3 References

CHAPTER 3 CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS – THE NEWEST IN EUROPE
Andrzej Maranda and Wanda Karas

  • 3.1 The Genesis of Central European Journal of Energetic Materials
  • 3.2 Editorial Board
  • 3.3 Statistics
  • 3.4 Subject Area of CEJEM
  • 3.5 References

CHAPTER 4 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES ON NEW MODELS AND HYDROCODES FOR SHOCK WAVE PROCESSES IN CONDENSED MATTER
Ronald W. Armstrong, Vladimir Y. Klimcnko, and Davinder K. Anand

  • 4.1 The Early Conferences
  • 4.2 Some Research Results
  • 4.3 References

CHAPTER 5 THE SYNTHESIS CHEMISTRY OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS
Thomas M. Klapotke

  • 5.1 High Explosives (HEDM)
  • 5.2 Oxidizers (HEDO)
  • 5.3 High-Nitrogen Propellants
  • 5.4 Pyrotechnics
  • 5.5 Primary Explosives
  • 5.6 References

CHAPTER 6 THE TOTAL ENERGY AND DENSITY OF CERTAIN EXPLOSIVES: A CURIOUS RELATION
Lemi Tiirker

  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Theory
  • 6.3 Computational Method
  • 6.4 Results and Discussion
  • 6.5 Conclusion
  • 6.6 References

CHAPTER 7 CHARACTERIZATIONS OF ENERGETIC POLYNITROGEN COMPOUNDS
Aleksandr Smirnov, David Lempert, and Tatyana Pivina

  • 7.1 History
  • 7.2 Methodology
  • 7.3 Calculational Tools for Prediction of EMs Parameters
  • 7.4 Analysis of the Possible Capacity for Energetic Materials Parameters
  • 7.5 Effecti veness of Compounds as Components for Solid Composite Propellants 113
  • 7.6 Results and Discussion
  • 7.7 References

CHAPTER 8 STUDY OF THE INITIATION REACTIVITY OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS
Svatopluk Zeman

  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Approach to the Problem
  • 8.3 Initiation by HeaL
  • 8.4 Impact Sensitivity (Reactivity)
  • 8.5 Initiation by Shock
  • 8.6 Friction Sensitivity (Friction Reactivity)
  • 8.7 Electric Spark Sensitivity
  • 8.8 Difference between Nib’amine and Nitro Groupings in Molecules of EMs
  • 8.9 Relationship between Data for Different Reactivities
  • 8.10 Comparison of Splitting Polynitro Arenes by Heat and by Shock
  • 8.11 Conclusions
  • 8.12 References

CHAPTER 9 REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF DATA ON THE DISLOCATION MECHANISM OF HIGH EXPLOSIVE DECOMPOSITION
Vladimir Y. Klimenko

  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Continuous Approach
  • 9.3 Micro-level Approach
  • 9.4 Amazing Results from the 1970s
  • 9.5 Reactions under Pressure and Shear
  • 9.6 Approach at the Molecular Level
  • 9.7 Conclusions
  • 9.8 References

CHAPTER 10 IMPACTS ON THE Loss FACTOR CURVE AND QUANTIFICATION OF MOLECULAR REARRANGEMENT REGIONS FROM IT IN ELASTOMER BONDED ENERGETIC FORMULATIONS
Manfred A. Bohn

  • 10.1 The Loss Factor and Its Meaning
  • 10.2 Interpretation and Prognostic of Molecular Mobility
  • 10.3 Intellliolecular Interactions as Key Property for Glass Transition Temperature Ranges
  • 10.4 Typical Glass Transition Temperatures of Some Binders Determined by DMA
  • 10.5 Modeling of Loss Factor Curve to Quantify Mobility Regions
  • 10.6 Modeling of Loss Factor Curves Subjected to Change of One Experimental Quantity
  • 10.7 Summary and Conclusions
  • 10.8 Abbreviations
  • 10.9 Acknowledgements
  • 10.10 References

CHAPTER 11 INDUSTRIAL EXPLOSIVES IN POLISH MINING
Andrzej Maranda

  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Classification and Use of Mining Explosives
  • 11.3 Profile of the Individual Groups of Mining Explosives
  • 11.4 Summary
  • 11.5 References